|Forum Home > The Fundamentals of Tafseer > Part 2:3 The Sources of Tafseer|
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh
Rabi-al-Awwal 1439/November 2017
The Reading Room. Book Completed
The tafseer of the Qur'aan is determined by referring to the following sources:
1. The Speech of Allah.
The qur'aan is to be explained by the qur'aan itself because it is Allah who revealed it so He is most knowing of what He intended by it. There are many examples of this type, such as:
The statement of Allah:
"Indeed, the Awliyah (close, righteous servants) of Allah- no fear will come upon them nor will they grieve." Surah Yunus 10:62
Allah further explains who these Awliyaa are in the followng verses:
"Those who believed and were always fearfully conscious of Allah." Surah Yunus, 10:63
Surah at-Taariq 86:2
Surah at-Taariq 86:3
Surah an-Naazi'aat 79:30
Surah an-Naazi'aat 79:31-32
2. The second source of Tafseer is the speech of the Messenger of Allah (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam). The Qur'aan is explained by the Sunnah because Allah's Messenger is the one responsible for conveying the message of Allah. He (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam) is the most knowledgeable person of what Allah intends with His speech. Some examples of this type are:
Allah mentions in His book,
"Those who have done righteousness, for them is the best reward (Paradise) and something more." Surah Yunus, 10:26
The Prophet (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam) explained this "something more" as being the pleasure of looking at the face of Allah, based upon the hadeeth of Aboo Musa and Ubayy ibn Ka'b as is explicitly recorded by Ibn Jareer and Ibn Abee Haatim. at-Tabaree recorded it from the Hadeeth of Ka'b ibn 'Ujrah.
continue reading pg 71
3. The third source of Tafseer is the speech of the Companions of the Prophet (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam), especially those among them who were known for their knowledge and understanding of Tafseer, because the Qur'aan was revealed in their language and during their time.
continue reading pgs 72-73
4. The fourth source of Tafseer is the explanation of the successors and students of the companions who concerned themselves with learning the Tafseer directly from the Companions.These are the best people after the companions and free of following their personal desires and inclinations, more so than anyone after them.
continue reading pgs 73 - 74
5. The fifth source of Tafseer is to explain the verses based upon what the words themselves imply of the Islaamically legislative or linguistic meanings, and taking into consideration the context in which they are used.
continue reading pgs 74 - 77